Cultural and Historical Differences of Surnames in Chinese, Vietnamese, and English Perspectives
Keywords:surname, historical difference , structure difference, cultural difference
Surnames, functioning as indicators of familial ties within societal frameworks, play a pivotal role in differentiating individuals. They encapsulate the most vibrant, unified, and thought-provoking aspects of humanistic and historical intricacies within traditional cultures, serving as foundational elements that contribute to the manifestation of unique national cultures. Every individual globally possesses a distinct surname and given name.The space Chinese, Vietnamese, and English systems of surnames intricately intertwine with their corresponding national histories, religious beliefs, traditional cultures, and social customs. These systems distinctly reflect the images and evolution of their social histories, the origins and progression of ancient civilizations, the amalgamation and enrichment of Chinese, Vietnamese, and English societies, as well as the transformations and reforms in social norms. Furthermore, they provide valuable insights for delving into the histories and cultures of these nations. Chinese, Vietnamese, and English surnames have undergone evolution within two disparate social environments, enduring extensive periods of historical refinement and accrual. They manifest various cultural idiosyncrasies, emanating distinctive historical allure, spotlighting individual national traits, and revealing diverse valuable orientations and aesthetic standards. This thesis delves into the concepts and connotations of Chinese, Vietnamese, and English surnames. On one hand, it scrutinizes and dissects differences in their formation times, historical origins, developmental trajectories, cultural characteristics, national amalgamation, and cultural connotations. On the other hand, it aims to identify primary factors arising from social reforms, religious beliefs, national psychologies, valuable conceptions, and political and economic elements. The study explores the semantic significance of surnames, uncovering variations in Chinese, Vietnamese, and English histories and cultures while nurturing cross-cultural awareness. The examination of historical and cultural differences in Chinese, Vietnamese, and English surnames proves valuable in acknowledging both shared traits and unique distinctions in cultural customs, facilitating a more profound understanding of societal development. The analysis of these differences in cross-cultural communication is essential, serving as a pivotal means for expanding cultural awareness in Chinese, Vietnamese, and English contexts. Moreover, it plays a pragmatic role in enhancing historical knowledge, broadening traditional culture, fostering mutual understanding, and improving cultural communication.
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